FX market outlook

FX market outlook

Posted on Thursday, November 8 2018 at 9:48 am GMT+0000

Dollar bounces back after midterms and ahead of Fed decision

Here are the latest developments in global markets:

  • FOREX: The dollar index pared early losses to close the day higher on Wednesday and is also up by 0.27% on Thursday, drawing strength from a surge in US bond yields, which amplifies the dollar’s attractiveness from a relative rates perspective. In the UK, the pound extended its recent gains as Brexit optimism remained elevated. Meanwhile, the antipodeans – aussie and kiwi – outperformed, buoyed by strong risk appetite, speculation that the trade conflict may fizzle out soon, and some robust Chinese trade data overnight.
  • STOCKS:US markets staged a meaningful relief rally on Wednesday as election-induced uncertainty dissipated, leading investors to increase their exposure to riskier assets. The tech-heavy Nasdaq Composite outperformed (+2.64%) the Dow Jones (+2.12%) and the benchmark S&P 500 (+2.13%), albeit only modestly. Importantly, all three of these indices broke above their respective 200-day moving averages. That said, futures tracking the S&P, Dow, and Nasdaq 100 are pointing to a flat open today, which may be owed to the steep rise in US Treasury yields. Asian markets took their cue from Wall Street and closed mostly in the green on Thursday, with Japan’s Nikkei 225 (+1.82%) and Topix (+1.74%) gaining the most. Likewise, European indices were set to open higher today, futures suggest.
  • COMMODITIES: Oil was mixed on Wednesday, with WTI posting marginal losses but Brent ticking higher, though both benchmarks continued to hover near their recent multi-month lows, unable to draw strength from the recovery in risk sentiment. The EIA reported another strong rise in stockpiles yesterday, amplifying the narrative that US production is rising rapidly at a time when fewer-than-previously-thought Iranian barrels will leave the market, in light of the US sanctions waivers. In precious metals, dollar-denominated gold is down by 0.12% at $1,222 an ounce today, looking set to post its fifth consecutive day of losses, amid a vicious cocktail of a rising dollar and risk-on market sentiment.

Major movers: Dollar recovers losses as risk appetite propels US yields higher

While the early European session on Wednesday was characterized by weakness in the US dollar following the midterms, that theme was quickly turned on its head, with the greenback recovering all its post-election losses to end the day higher. The catalyst was the broader risk-on environment that dominated, which triggered a rotation back into riskier assets like stocks, and out of safer ones such as bonds – thereby pushing the yields on US Treasuries higher and increasing the dollar’s carry appeal. Major US stock indices closed more than 2% higher, while 10-year US bond yields soared back to 3.23%, as the election uncertainty faded in the rear-view mirror.

Sterling was once again a winner, outperforming all its major peers outside of the antipodeans, aussie and kiwi, as Brexit optimism remained front and center. The latest reports keep playing up the prospect of an imminent breakthrough, suggesting that the UK government has nearly prepared a compromise proposal that may be presented to the EU soon. While an agreement indeed appears to be inching closer, the reality is that any deal will also need to be approved by the UK Parliament, which may be much trickier than it seems at first glance, implying that lots of twists and turns likely remain before the Brexit saga concludes.

Elsewhere, the aussie and the kiwi reaped the gains of the broader risk-on atmosphere, climbing to multi-week highs against the dollar. Stronger-than-expected Chinese trade data overnight may have helped as well. Separately, another potential source of support for these high-yielding currencies may have been speculation the US-China trade conflict is set to fizzle out soon. This, on expectations the US administration will take a step back from such damaging policies now that it can’t rely on Congress for more stimulus to support the economy. In New Zealand, the RBNZ meeting overnight did not deliver anything new, with policymakers maintaining a neutral tone and reiterating that rates can move in both directions.

Day ahead: Fed meeting eyed

The Federal Reserve policy decision is the highlight on Thursday’s calendar, which either way is rather light.

Canadian housing stars for October are slated for release at 1315 GMT, with weekly jobless claims data due out of the US at 1330 GMT. However, all eyes will be on the Fed meeting, the penultimate for the year.

The US central bank is widely anticipated to maintain rates at current levels, with the focus falling on signaling for policy tightening moving forward. The rate decision and accompanying statement will be made public at 1900 GMT. The Bank has in the past telegraphed a rate hike in December, and that is likely to continue being the case. Communication for 2019 – how hawkish will the Fed be – will likely prove of importance in terms of dollar movements. Relating to this, overall robust data out of the US will possibly tilt things towards the hawkish side of the spectrum, something which is greenback-positive.

Any comments on global trade – the dispute between the US and China – out of the Fed will also attract interest. Elsewhere, there were some concerns that the stock market selloff during October could derail the Fed’s rate path, bringing to the fore the Bank’s unofficial mandate of financial stability. That’s unlikely to be the case though, especially in light of equity gains from later October onwards which have pushed benchmarks such as the S&P 500 back into positive territory in 2018.

Note that no new forecasts or dot plot are due out of the Fed today, while this is also the last meeting with no press conference, given the chances announced earlier in the year by chief Powell.

Remaining themes in the markets that can lead to sharp movements in sterling euro pairs are Brexit and the prospect of a clash between the EU and Italy over the latter’s spending plans.

ECB head Draghi will be making a public appearance at 1520 GMT, with the Bank’s policymakers Coeure (1415 GMT) and Nowotny (1600 GMT) also being on the agenda.

In equities, Disney will be releasing quarterly results after the market close.