FX market outlook

FX market outlook

Posted on Tuesday, October 2 2018 at 8:46 am GMT+0000

Euro extends losses as Italian worries dominate

Here are the latest developments in global markets:

  • FOREX: The dollar is up by 0.23% against a basket of six major currencies on Tuesday, looking set to post gains for the fifth session in a row. The loonie was an outperformer on Monday, with news that the US and Canada reached a new NAFTA accord lifting the risk premium on the currency. Meanwhile, the euro remains on the back foot, as Italy’s government appears adamant about sticking to its deficit target, setting the stage for a showdown with the EU.
  • STOCKS: Wall Street closed in the green on Monday, for the most part, with the updated NAFTA deal supporting sentiment. The Dow Jones outperformed (+0.73%), while the benchmark S&P 500 (+0.36%) lagged. The tech-heavy Nasdaq Composite though, ticked lower (-0.11%). Sentiment seems to have soured in general, as futures tracking the Dow, S&P, and Nasdaq 100 are all pointing to a lower open today. Asia was a mixed bag on Tuesday, with Japan’s Nikkei 225 (+0.10%) and Topix (+0.33%) posting some gains, but the Hang Seng in Hong Kong plunging (-2.48%) on its first day back from a public holiday. In Europe, all major indices are poised for a negative open, futures suggest, as uncertainties relating to the Italian budget and the potential for a clash with the EU continue to weigh.
  • COMMODITIES: Oil skyrocketed on Monday, with both WTI and Brent gaining more than two dollars on the day as optimism around the NAFTA resolution supported risk sentiment in general. WTI is also up by 0.54% on Tuesday at $75.68 per barrel, while Brent is higher by a modest 0.13% at $85.09 a barrel, both of these being highs last seen in 2014. In precious metals, dollar-denominated gold is up by almost 0.50% today at $1193 per ounce. This is quite strange, considering that the greenback is also higher on the day, and suggests that gold demand may be picking up again after a long pause, perhaps on the back of worries around Italy.

Major movers: Loonie soars after deal; euro extends losses on Italian budget drama

The loonie continued to march higher on Monday, touching a fresh four-month high against its US counterpart on the back of news that the US and Canada managed to reach an “eleventh hour” trade deal to replace NAFTA on Sunday, ending months of impasse. The new deal – now called USMCA – will maintain NAFTA’s trilateral nature and will also retain the Chapter 19 dispute settlement mechanism that Canada had been fighting to preserve. Scrolling through the rest of the details though, there doesn’t appear to be anything too ground-breaking, with only minor tweaks to the original NAFTA framework. Still, the news likely lifted a cloud of uncertainty that was hanging over the Canadian economy, by extent clearing the way for the BoC to raise rates with one less worry moving forward. The market-implied probability for a rate increase at the upcoming October 24 meeting is currently 76% according to Canada’s OIS, and to the extent that it approaches 100% as we draw closer to that date, the loonie could extend its recent gains.

In Europe, all eyes remained on the drama surrounding the Italian budget, following media reports that the EU will reject Italy’s budget proposal. Separately, the Italian government seems adamant about not changing its 2.4% deficit target, which suggests the long-feared showdown with the EU may well play out in the coming weeks and that the situation may get worse before it gets better. The euro remains on the back foot in the midst of this, surrendering ground across the board amid an exodus of capital from Italian bond markets recently. From the euro’s perspective, a lot will likely be decided by whether the 1.1500 level in euro/dollar holds as a defensive “line in the sand”, or not.

In the UK, the pound spiked higher after reports that PM May plans to make some concessions to break the deadlock in the Brexit negotiations. Reportedly, the UK is prepared to allow new checks on goods moving between the British mainland and Ireland, as the EU wanted, but in exchange wants the EU to compromise and keep the entire UK in the bloc’s customs union, temporarily. In essence, this would effectively curb the UK’s ability to strike free trade deals with other nations moving forward, which was ironically a cornerstone of the Brexit campaign. Overall, both sides seem increasingly keen to strike a compromise, and any further signs of concessions over the coming weeks will be well-received by the pound. In the more immediate term, the Conservative Party conference will conclude today, and any remarks from PM May will be closely scrutinized.

In Australia, the RBA kept its policy unchanged earlier today, providing almost no new signals on policy and maintain a neutral bias. Policymakers reiterated their two main concerns, high household debt levels and low wage growth, but simultaneously noted the broader economy remains strong. The reaction in the aussie was muted on the decision. Overall, no change in policy is in sight, suggesting the aussie may continue to act mainly as a proxy for US-China trade tensions.

Day ahead: UK construction PMI, eurozone producer prices and US total vehicle sales due; Italian budget worries and Brexit eyed

Tuesday’s calendar is relatively light, with UK construction PMI, eurozone producer prices and US total vehicle sales being on the agenda. Elsewhere, the situation relating to Italy’s budget which could lead to a clash with the European Commission over the country’s spending plans will be monitored, while updates on Brexit may emerge as well.

UK construction PMI data for September will be made public at 0830 GMT. The measure is anticipated to fall to 52.5, matching a low last experienced in May and April of the current year; a reading above 50 denotes sectoral expansion. The PMI print for the all-important services sector will follow on Wednesday.

But of most importance for sterling will likely prove any Brexit developments. In this respect, Bloomberg reported yesterday that PM Theresa May will outline new Brexit plans to help negotiations move forward. On Wednesday, she will be talking at the Conservative Party Conference in Birmingham.

Eurozone producer prices for August are due at 0900 GMT. The monthly pace of growth in prices is projected to ease to 0.2% from July’s 0.4%, which would put the annual rate of growth at 3.9%, from July’s 4.0%. However, instrumental for the euro’s direction, at least in the short-term, will be developments having to do with the Italian budget. Italian Deputy Prime Minister Luigi Di Maio accused EU officials of spreading negative comments about the nation’s spending plans and in doing so causing financial market unrest. The higher the odds for an Italy-EU clash, the greater the drag is likely to be on the euro.

September’s total vehicle sales out of the US are forecast to have slightly increased compared to August, when they stood at their lowest in a year. The figures are scheduled to hit the markets at 1930 GMT.

The outcome of today’s bi-weekly milk auction may move the New Zealand dollar, given that dairy products are the nation’s largest goods export earner; higher prices are generally seen as kiwi-positive. The data lack a specific time of release.

Meanwhile, the Chinese navy dispelling an American missile destroyer from waters near South China Sea islands is another sign that Sino-US tensions may be moving in directions other than trade; the situation will be closely watched.

In terms of policymakers’ appearances, Fed chief Powell will be speaking today at 1645 GMT. Also on the agenda are the Bank of England’s Haskel (1035 GMT) and Haldane, the ECB’s Villeroy (1430 GMT), and permanent FOMC voting member Quarles (1400 GMT), as well as non-voting FOMC member in 2018 Kaplan (1800 GMT).